The birth of the new moon of Muharram heralds the new Islamic year of 1430. Allah Ta’ala’s Divine Speech mentions the importance of this month, translated as ‘forbidden’, and being one of the four sacred months:
Surely, the number of months according to Allah is twelve (as written) in the Book of Allah on the day He created the heavens and the Earth, of which there are Four Sacred Months. That is the right faith. So do not wrong yourself therein. (9:36)
JazakumuLlahu khairan to those who have forwarded and posted the following pertinent reminder; a summarized from a talk given by Habib Umar bin Hafiz (May Allah preserve him):
We bid farewell to a to another year of the Hijra of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), a year which contains a number of days and nights which are what makes up your lifespan. If a day passes then a part of you has passed. You are but a body and spirit existent in a limited time period. When that period comes to an end you come to an end. It is only those of sound intellect who realise the true value of these days and nights that pass. They know that it is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each other: for the one who wishes to reflect or to show gratitude. Whatever anyone has achieved throughout the days and nights that has not increased them in reflection and gratitude has missed the purpose and fundamental wisdom for which these days and nights were created and for which mankind was created.
We witness the passing of time and the alternation of seasons and changes and events. Things which are agreeable to us; things which are unpleasant – all of which test us. We witness the passing away of those who live alongside, some of it expected, some of it unexpected. All of this is by the decree of the All-Powerful Sovereign.
We welcome likewise a new year. Every individual must look at their level of reflection and gratitude so they may obtain their provision from these days and nights. Amongst the meanings of reflection is removing the veils from the spirit to remember the original covenant which it took with its Lord and clearing away the dust to extend its gaze to its eventual destination. As for gratitude, everything which is of any benefit to creation comes into its sphere. The Master of Creation said (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), “Should I not be a grateful slave?” and he is the most grateful of creation to the Creator, and through his gratitude we show gratitude to the Creator. May Allah bind us to him in this life and the next.
It is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each other: for the one who wishes to reflect or to show gratitude . What are the signs and the attributes of the people of reflection and gratitude? Read the eleven attributes that follow this verse, beginning with: And the slaves of the Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say, “Peace!” Those who spend the night in worship of their Lord prostrate and standing
Reflect upon these attributes and ask yourself what portion you have of them. Do not be content merely to pass over them superficially. Delve into them deeply, hold firm to them and actualise their meanings. Each of these attributes has a residing place in your inner being. If each attribute finds its place you will, in your inner being, be one of the slaves of the Most Gracious and every day and night you will increase in reflection and gratitude, and He will prepare you for an indescribable reward. “I have prepared for my righteous slaves that which no eye has seen, no ear has heard, and what no man can imagine.”
The majority of the people of Islam and Iman have made no preparation for the vision of the face of the Best of Mankind, accompanying him on the day of Crowding and then in Dar al-Salam, the Abode of Peace. Does this warrant you giving anything less than your all? How much have you put towards this: of your thoughts, your actions, the attributes of your heart, of the hours of your day and night? After the death of the Messenger of Allah Sayyiduna al-Siddiq would spend his nights crying out of his longing for him. Do we allow the ups and downs of this fleeting life and the desires of our enemies to tear these feelings away from us? Will you exchange the better for the worse? All you who believe, accompanying him is greater than anything we can imagine. There is no gift more exquisite that the Lord of the Throne may bless you with than his companionship and the vision of his face and addressing the possessor of that face. He is a man like no other, the Beloved of the Creator.
If these feelings were alive in the hearts of the Umma all causes of evil inward and outward would be blocked and the Umma would be safe from every tribulation. The level of tribulation in which we find ourselves is according to our deficiency in our love for Allah and His Chosen One.
At the end of this year may Allah grant us the ability to please His Beloved through seeking to improve our states and our transactions and what takes places in our houses and what is in our hearts. Nothing should be more beloved to us than Allah and nothing in creation, not even Paradise, should be more beloved to us than Muhammad. No created thing can take precedence over Muhammad, because Allah Himself gave him precedence over all of creation.
For this reason the Companion Salama ibn Rabi`a could think of nothing better to ask from the Messenger of Allah than his companionship in Paradise. The response of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was to order him to make abundant prostration. The closest a slave is to Allah is when he is in prostration. If you desire to be close to the one who is closest to Allah make abundant prostration. One of the meanings of this prostration is to rid our houses of anything which is contravenes his Sunna, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Let this Hijri year finish and with it any contravention of the Sunna. This is prostration. You want to accompany him but you don’t want to live in accordance with his teaching? Let this year finish and you are in a state of preparation to meet the best of Allah’s slaves.
 Jalsat al-Ithnayn, Jami` Tarim, the night of 25th Dhu’l-Hijja 1429
 Sura al-Furqan, 25.62
 Sura al-Furqan, 25.63-74
Knocking at Allah’s Door, a pdf file (dua_of_habib_ali-alhabshi) of Habib Ali bin Muhammad al-Habshi’s (May Allah Ta’ala preserve him) supplication for the beginning of the new year.
Our Beloved Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam affirms in several Ahadith the blessings this month carries:
“The one that keeps a fast in the month of Muharram will receive the reward of thirty fasts for each fast (in this sacred month).” (Tabrani)
“This fast is a compensation for the (minor) sins of the past year.” (Muslim)
“The best of fasts besides the month of Ramadhan is the fasting of Allah’s month of Muharram.” (Muslim)
Du’a (Arabic) for fare welling Dhul Hijjah, the end of the previous year, along with another for welcoming Muharram, the new lunar year.
Many pre-Islamic events are attributed to the 10th of Muharram, and Allah Almighty knows best. It is said that this is the day Allah Ta’ala commanded the sea to part so Musa Alaihis Salam and his devoted followers could be saved from the tyranny of Firoun. Other occurrences, linked to this day, as narrated by many scholars include, the creation of the oceans and Heavens, the birth of Adam Alaihis Salam, as well as the day he was granted entry into Jannah.
According to the Tafseer of at-Tabari and al-Baghawi, the Prophet Nuh Alaihis Salam had embarked on the Ark on the 10th of Rajab, and for six months Allah Ta’ala sailed him and all who accompanied him, along with the animals, to the eventual safety of Mount Juddiyy, where the Ark came to rest on the day of Ashurah. SubhanAllah, it is said that Nuh Alaihis Salam gave thanks that day, as well as requesting all on the Ark to do the same. Some even say that all the animals also fasted!
We removed from them the punishment of humiliation in the worldly life and let them enjoy themselves for some time. (10:98)
This verse refers to when the people of Yunus Alaihis Salam collectively repented to Allah Ta’ala for their sinful ways, with forgiveness being granted by Him. Reports say this also occurred on the day of Ashurah.
Prophet Ayyub Alaihis Salam was cured of the illness that he so patiently endured for years on this day, and Sulayman Alaihis Salam was crowned king.
While as part of our Islamic history we somberly remember the martyrdom of Hussein RadhiAllahu anhu, the Prophets grandson. (The History of Karbala from a Sunni perspective)
Allahu ‘Alum, Allah the Almighty knows best, if it is His Decree that Yaumul Qiyamah will occur on the day of Ashurah, as some narrate.
The Illuminated City of Madinah is unusually very quiet during Muharram as the millions who have been in the Kingdom for the Hajj season must have left during the early days of the month.
The Day of Ashurah, as well as the 9th and 11th, sufrahs are spread inside Masjid Nabawi with the usual Iftar consisting of bread, yogurt, dates and Arabic coffee being offered by the generous philanthropists of Madinah. Rasulullah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam advised his Ummah to fast one of the days either side of the 10th to distinguish us from the People of the Book’s tradition of only fasting on the 10th.
Before the fasts of Ramadhan were made compulsory, fasting the day of Ashurah was Fardh, but was no longer Fardh once the fasting of Ramadhan was prescribed as being obligatory. However may we seek the rewards of these days, Insha’Allah.
Unlike some countries and some groups, and according to the purity of the Sunnah, there is no evidence of any excessive behavior across the City on the day of Ashurah, Alhumdulillah.
May the sublime hallmarks of peace and tranquility that define this Radiant resting place of our Noble Nabi SallAllahu alaihi wasallam shines upon all as we reflect and act upon his manner of honouring the sacred month of Muharram.
As we become more and more distanced from the luminous generations, the three after our Blessed Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam being the best, may we be more heedful of our duties throughout this 1430th after Hijrah, to the commands of Allah Ta’ala and the Sunnah as defined by the impeccable life and manners of our Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam. May we honour with due esteem the reverence assigned to this sacred month by Allah Ta’ala, by increasing our devotion to Ibadah.
All good is from Allah Ta’ala whereas mistakes are from this humble speck. May Allah Ta’ala Bless all readers, bringing you all closer to Him and His Rasul SallAllahu alaihi wasallam. May He accept our humble efforts and grant us the capacity to be good and do good. Ameen.