Sufferings are a spiritual trial from Allah, who says,
We try you all with the bad and the good as a momentous test; and unto Us shall you be returned. (21:35)
Doubts about the mercy of Allah, despair at fate, the waswasa of the Devil in implanting the very question we are treating here in the heart and obscuring the answer-all these sufferings are a test from Allah. Sufis mention that people are of four categories in such trials:
1. If one proves patient with the test and lives it out, it means that one is passing it. Allah says:
Those patient with adversity shall but fully be requited their wage without reckoning. (39:10)
2. If one benefits from the test by learning, changing, and gaining experience that will protect one from the like of it in the future, this is characteristic of the dervish, whose way depends on benefiting from both his good and evil. He benefits from his good by thanking Allah for it and not returning to look at it, and he benefits from his evil by heartbrokeness, repentance, and never returning to it again. He benefits as well from the evil by changing it with his tongue, his hand, or by a prayer in his heart; or if unable to change it, he benefits by realizing that it is evil, which is rewarded by Allah as faith in what the prophets (upon whom be peace) have taught. Indeed, he cannot not benefit as long as he is travelling the way.
3. If one is well contented with Allah for honouring one with tribulation, and aspires to win His good pleasure through it, then the test is a spiritual increase, and means one is already on the exalted footing, for trials are seldom except in what one holds dearest, and are proportionately harder for those of higher rank. Shibli used to say, “Allah’s raising the spiritual degrees of His servants is commensurate with their distress: had He poured upon the awliya an ant’s weight of what He has poured upon the prophets, they would have melted away and been cut off.”
4. Finally, if one is bitter about the test and resentful over Allah’s destining it, it means that one is failing, unless one turns one’s back on the Devil and the self, and sincerely repents, and returns to one of the other categories.
…Sea Without Shore A Manual of the Sufi Path by Nuh Ha Mim Keller
…scenes of peaceful repose…tranquility and serenity in the last remaining section above the Ottoman arches of Masjid al-Haram…and yet as much as these photos exude sakeenah there is probably not one from the millions visiting Haramain who is not making du’a for trials and tribulations besetting them or loved ones…Allah Ta’ala has conveyed in so many Ayat that surely He will test us…may we all increase our Tawakkul and leave our affairs to the One Subhanahu wa Ta’ala with the Hikmah, Who is the All-Knower of all that is best for us, Ameen…
…The Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam said: “No fatigue, illness, anxiety, sorrow, harm or sadness afflicts any Muslim, even to the extent of a thorn pricking him, without Allah wiping out his sins by it.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
All good is from Allah Ta’ala whereas mistakes are from this humble speck. May Allah Ta’ala Bless all readers, bringing you all closer to Him and His Rasul SallAllahu alaihi wasallam. May He accept our humble efforts and grant us the capacity to be good and do good. Ameen.